Open Terrarium Tips: Plants, Builds & Care Guide

Open terrariums, or as I like to call them – bowls of plants.

Just kidding. They may not be a terrarium in the truest sense of the word, but there’s still a place in my home for interesting collections of plants, curated in beautiful containers. 

Besides, open terrariums come in many forms. Most people (quite rightly) think of succulent and air plant terrariums, but some of the more forgiving terrarium plants can still grow in an open terrarium too.

Generally speaking, open terrariums are much simpler than a functional closed terrarium – making them a versatile choice for the home.

That being said, they do have their own unique requirements. If you plant your succulents like you do your ferns, you’re going to have a problem.

So, in this article you’ll learn when to plant an open terrarium vs a closed terrarium. Which plants to choose, and how ultimately to build and care for your open terrarium.

Open Terrariums

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Why Make an Open Terrarium?

Open terrariums are popular, and for good reason.

They’re a great way for people to get started with terrariums, and I’m 100% behind that. You still get all the experience of planting and building a terrarium, but you don’t have to deal with many of the factors that can easily take down a terrarium.

That makes open terrariums more versatile when it comes to home decor.

Hence the rise of hanging air plant terrariums and geometric terrariums.

They’re often more ornamental than horticultural, but they come with plenty of direct advantages:

  • Better airflow for plants.
  • No condensation issues.
  • Lower risk of mold and rot.
  • More forgiving, higher chance of success.

What you gain in simplicity, you lose in utility.

Open terrariums are not self-sufficient, and many classic terrarium plants are closed off to them (and personally, I don’t find growing succulents nearly as rewarding).

When to Make an Open vs Closed Terrarium

To open, or not to open – that is the question.

Though in reality, it’s an easy one to answer.

In terms of appropriate plants, open terrariums are the polar opposite of closed terrariums. So, depending on which plants you’re looking to grow, there is generally only one suitable choice.

If your plants like moisture and humidity, you need a closed terrarium. If your plants don’t, you need an open terrarium.

Simple stuff, though there are still versatile plants that can do fine in both.

(So, if you’re a tropical plant lover after all and want to join us on the dark side, check out our Essential Guide to Tropical Terrariums).

Open Terrarium Plants

Arid Plants

Plants suited to life in open terrariums tend to be mostly succulents, air plants, and cacti

Essentially all the kinds of plants can thrive without humidity and consistent moisture. So naturally, people go straight to the other end of the scale to the plants that thrive in arid environments.

Succulents and cacti have similar care requirements too, so it’s easy to put them together in an interesting mix of textures and shapes. See our guide on Desert Terrariums for more help with that.

Arid plants often look very complementary.
  • There’s a wide variety of small cacti that are great for open terrariums.
  • Air plants from the Tillandsia genus are varied, beautiful, and an easy addition.
  • There’s a whole world of suitable succulents out there – check out Succulents for Terrariums or our Succulent Terrarium Guide for inspiration.

👉 Shop arid terrarium plants on Etsy.

Though, you’re not limited to arid plants (even if Pinterest suggests otherwise).

We don’t have to cater to the extremes, there’s a lot of grey area between desert and jungle plants.


Remember, an indoor open terrarium has the same environmental conditions as your house.  If your houseplants are thriving in a pot on the windowsill, they’ll do just fine in an open terrarium too.

There are lots of houseplants that I’d love to put in closed terrariums, but realistically they’ll grow too big and burst out the top.

Not a problem for open terrariums…

Open terrariums aren’t constrained by space or shape.

In fact, open terrariums can be a great option for faster-growing terrarium plants. Vining plants can be mounted in open terrariums where they can spill out and hang down the walls.

Top Houseplant Terrarium Picks

👉 Check out my Ultimate Terrarium Plant Guide for more info.

Open Terrarium Moss?

If you frequent Pinterest, you’ve probably seen many an open terrarium full of tropical mosses. Lush, wavy tufts of moss nestled between succulents?

Looks good, sure. But, I can guarantee they didn’t last longer than a week…

Moss and arid plants are a no-no I’m afraid.

The reality is that moss is very difficult to grow in an open terrarium environment.

Looking at the above example, you can see a cactus planted on a bed of lush, green moss. That’s like storing your ice cream on top of your radiator, two very different worlds.

Keeping one happy will kill the other.

Moss (almost universally) likes constant moisture. Without the humidity and moisture trap of a closed terrarium environment, it dries out real fast. Though I guess if you keep your open terrarium near a humidifier and water it super regularly, you might have a fighting chance.

Preserved moss comes in all sorts of colors and textures.

You’re better off using some preserved moss.

You can get many of your favorite types of mosses in a preserved form, each looking as fresh and vibrant as ever. See the wide range of preserved moss here on Etsy.

Open Terrarium Layers

The composition of your open terrarium layers will vary depending on which style you’re going for and which plants you choose.

Open houseplant terrariums, for example, can be very forgiving. Some may need a drainage layer, but many can be as simple as substrate + plants. After all, they’re essentially just a glass pot, right?

Arid terrariums, however (e.g., a cactus terrarium), require a very different structure and substrate.

Good drainage is an important part of any terrarium substrate, but with arid plants – drainage is critical

Succulents and cacti will quickly succumb to rot if the roots are sitting in a moist substrate. So, that’s why arid substrate mixes containing lots of sand and rock work well.

A succulent terrarium using a gritty substrate mix.

You can buy premade cactus and succulent mixes, but the experts over at Succulents and Sunshine recommend adding a significant amount of perlite or pumice to these mixes (like 50:50) in order to achieve the right level of drainage.

Plus, a false bottom is always recommended.

When growing arid plants in pots, you always have a drainage hole at the bottom. We can’t do that with terrariums, so we need to create a reservoir inside instead.

Open Terrarium Care

To be honest, there’s no real science to open terrarium care. 

Without the need to finely balance a tiny ecosystem, you’re essentially just trying to keep your plants fed and happy. It’s no different to looking after your houseplants, but often that’s hard enough right?

So, if you’re used to keeping succulents or houseplants in pots around the house, you can usually treat your open terrariums in much the same way.


Seeing as open terrariums have no natural water cycle, it’s going to fall to you to keep it topped up. Sorry!

Watering requirements and methods will vary with your plants.

Succulents have their own watering preferences. Experts advise that they like to have their roots soaked with water, but then be allowed to dry out again for a few days. So unlike closed tropical terrariums, misting isn’t recommended.

Air plants enjoy a good dunking in water every now and again, and houseplants will need as much water as is usually necessary.


Where closed terrarium plants are almost all shade-loving plants, open terrarium plants are often the opposite.

Which means you can actually put these by the window and show them off!

Succulents like to have several hours of direct sunlight a day, so they’re best placed on a windowsill where they’ll get some morning rays. Houseplants will vary.


Being open to the environment, open terrariums are much more susceptible to bugs, pests, and infestations.

Sadly, mealy bugs and gnats have been the death of many noble houseplants. So you’ll need to be extra vigilant on that front.

Generally, if you see your plants rapidly declining, there’s a good chance it’s down to an insect of some sort. Give them a good inspection, try to identify the little buggers causing the problem (here’s a good resource), and treat them accordingly.


Terrariums containing houseplants and vines tend to quickly outgrow their vessels. Some intentional spill-over can look great but you might also have to trim a lot more aggressively than with closed terrariums.

Arid plants, on the other hand, will require almost no pruning… ever.


You don’t need to deal with condensation in open terrariums – so that’s a plus – but unfortunately, now you do need to deal with dust.

I find that you can generally just buff the glass with a microfibre class to get it clean and shiny again. Though if it’s particularly dirty, you can wipe with a wet cloth first (using distilled water so as to not leave calcium deposits on the glass).

If you’re using top stones or gravel on top of your soil, I find a small brush is best to gently dust them off.

Open Terrarium FAQ

Can you grow moss in an open terrarium?

Generally, no. You’ll have a hard keeping it alive, as moss in an open environment dries out very quickly. Most people use preserved moss in open terrariums instead.

What are the best open terrarium plants?

Arid plants like succulents, cacti, and air plants are all great choices. Though houseplant varieties can often work well too.

Over to You

I’m interested to hear how you feel about open terrariums.

Do you have any of your own, or maybe even prefer them? Maybe you’ve managed to grow some cool plants that other people haven’t?

Let us know in the comments.

Need some inspiration for your next build? Check out our Terrarium Ideas post, or if you’re ready to crack on with a functional terrarium, check out our DIY Terrarium Guide.

About The Author

6 thoughts on “Open Terrarium Tips: Plants, Builds & Care Guide”

  1. Your site is very educative, thank you. I want to do my own terrarium but do I choose my plant first then look for type of soil that suits them.

  2. Going to do two teranium’s one of succulant’s another cacti. Was told to do in layers, grit, sand, charcoal, potting soil and pebbles. But what on the bottom and the rest to the top.

    1. Layers can be helpful in succulent and cacti terrariums, but it’s also super important that the whole thing has excellent drainage. Having a thick layer of potting soil on top would be a bad idea for example. So, I’d personally mix the sand, potting soil, charcoal and grit to make an even mix that dries out faster and has some root aeration.

  3. I just bought a empty terrarium and I’m excited to creat my own but I don’t know what plants to buy what ones go together it’s closed . Can you recommend something like a buying guide?

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